Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain’s nerve cells, or neurons, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and language skills, and behavioral changes. It is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 60 to 80 percent of cases.
The disease is named after the German physician Alois Alzheimer, who first described it in 1906. It usually begins after age 60 and is most common in people over age 85. The risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease increases with age, and it is estimated that up to 5 percent of people in this age group have the disease. Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease, meaning the symptoms will become worse over time. It is divided into three stages: Early, Middle, and Late. This article will discuss the Alzheimers stages and the associated symptoms. Keep reading.
Early-Stage Alzheimer’s Disease
When someone is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, it can be a very frightening and overwhelming experience. While the early stages of the disease may not be as dramatic as the later stages, they can still be very challenging. Early-stage Alzheimer’s disease can have a variety of symptoms and challenges that can be difficult for both the patient and their family.
One of the most common symptoms of early-stage Alzheimer’s is memory loss. This includes difficulty remembering recent events, conversations, or people’s names. This type of memory loss is often referred to as short-term memory loss. It can also include difficulty with problem-solving and difficulty recognizing familiar faces or places. Other common symptoms of early-stage Alzheimer’s include changes in mood or behavior. This can include increased irritability, confusion, and depression. People with early-stage Alzheimer’s may also find it difficult to concentrate or complete tasks. They may also have difficulty understanding how to use a computer, phone, or other technology.
Middle-Stage Alzheimer’s Disease
One of the stages of Alzheimer’s is known as the middle stage. During this stage, the effects of the disease become more apparent and can have a profound impact on one’s life and the lives of their loved ones.
The symptoms of middle-stage Alzheimer’s can vary from person to person, but generally include memory loss, confusion, and difficulty with language, such as difficulty finding the right words or understanding conversations. People in this stage may also have difficulty with problem-solving and planning and may become disoriented and agitated. They may also experience changes in personality, such as becoming moody, anxious, or withdrawn. The decline in cognitive abilities during this stage of Alzheimer’s can make it difficult for a person to live independently. They may need help with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and eating.
Late-Stage Alzheimer’s Disease
Late-stage Alzheimer’s disease is the most severe stage of the degenerative brain disorder, and it is characterized by a complete loss of cognitive and functional abilities. In the late stages of the disease, the individual may be completely unaware of their surroundings and unable to recognize even their closest family members. It is a difficult stage for both the person with Alzheimer’s and their loved ones, as well as for medical professionals who are caring for them.
At this stage, individuals generally have difficulty speaking, walking, eating, and performing other basic activities of daily living. Memory is severely impaired and the individual may lose the ability to recognize family members and friends. As the disease progresses, individuals may experience confusion, agitation, delusions, and hallucinations.
Overall, Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive and irreversible neurological disorder that can have a significant impact on the patient and their caregivers. It is important to be cognizant of the stages of Alzheimer’s disease in order to effectively provide the best possible care for those living with this disorder. Understanding the different stages of Alzheimer’s disease can help to ensure that the patient and their caregivers receive the necessary support and resources to help manage the symptoms and live as comfortably and independently as possible.